In medical terms, a miscarriage happens when pregnancy ends before week 20 of conceiving. Unfortunately, miscarriages are very common. Over 15 per cent of pregnancies end in miscarriages. The good news is you can take some measures to avoid this issue.
Here are some important steps you can take to avoid miscarriage:
Vaccination are Important
It is good to check your vaccinations record. You may also get a blood test to determine whether you should get vaccinated for certain diseases. The tests should be done by professionals before planning for a baby.
Folic Acid Helps
Folic acid is very essential avoid miscarriage. It is important to take at least 600mg of folic acid daily. You must start taking this from a couple of months prior to planning to conceive. Folic acid will prevent birth defects in newborns.
Take Care of Your Diet
Prenatal vitamins are an important part of pregnancy diet. So make sure your diet comprises of all kind of nutrients. Include a lot of fresh fruits and vegetables in your diet. This will reduce your chances of having a miscarriage.
Reduce Caffeine Intake
This is an important step to take. Excess caffeine intake can result in miscarriage. So keep tabs on your daily caffeine intake. Consuming more than 200mg in a day will increase your chances of miscarriage.
Meditation is good for health. Pregnancy week by week guide by medical experts suggest pregnant women to practice some breathing techniques. You might try anything that helps you to reduce stress. It is very important to feel relaxed, happy, and stress free during pregnancy. This will reduce your risk of miscarriage by around 60 per cent.
Keep Tabs on your Body Weight
Being obese or overweight can make you more vulnerable to miscarriage. So if your body mass index is over 30, make efforts to lose some weight before conceiving. Losing weight might not be a great idea once you get pregnant. Additionally, stay active during pregnancy and try to engage in light activities such as walking and swimming. Make sure you speak to doctor before actually indulging in any of these activities.
Abstain from Smoking and Drinking
Smoking is bad for you and the unborn child. Drinking alcohol in pregnancy and smoking can lead to miscarriage. This is not all. You may also face some other issues such as still birth, low-weight birth, or preterm labor. Alcohol may even hurt the unborn baby. It leads to serious problems such as congenital birth defects and mental retardation.
No Over the Counter Drugs
This is no brainer. You must stay away from over the counter drugs (herbal, vitamins, ayurvedic etc.). Do not consume any of these unless prescribed the gynecologist. Illegal drugs can lead to immediate miscarriage. In some cases, you may not be able to conceive in future.
Abstain from Junk Food
Junk food should be strictly avoided during pregnancy. These foods are loaded with calories minus vitamins, mineral, and other necessary nutrients. Since the size of stomach decreases during pregnancy (to give ample space for growing uterus), indulgence in junk food can leave your stomach feeling full and result in many complications.
Avoid Microwaves and X-Rays
Exposure to x-rays can result in a miscarriage. The rays will hurt the fetus directly. It is important to wait until the delivery of baby. Microwave is also known to send out radiation that may harm an unborn child. Hence, exposure to all types of radiations must be strictly avoided.
Avoid Exposure to Poison
Pregnant women should avoid exposure to all sorts of poisons including formaldehyde, arsenic, lead, benzene, and ethylene oxide.