Cancer of the prostate gland has become the major cause of deaths among men in the U.S. Younger men with prostate cancer are known to face long-term concerns and effect on fertility from treatment.
If you are young and worried about prostate cancer, here are some important things you must know:
- Early Onset May Be More Aggressive
Reports have revealed that prostate cancer has become the second-leading cause of deaths from cancer among white, African-American, and Hispanic men. Luckily, 5-year survival rates are known to be very high (nearly 99%). Over 3 million men in the United States are survivors of prostate cancer. On the other hand, the bad news is that men younger than 55 diagnosed with prostate cancer are more likely to eventually die from the disease. Tumors forming at younger age have a tendency to grow more quickly and are more lethal.
- Screening Tests are Simpler than You Imagined
The screening can be done in the doctor’s office with a simple prostate-specific antigen blood test. A PSA level at or lower than 4.0 ng/mL is considered normal. However, the American Cancer Society still recommends men going for an annual testing, especially those with a PSA of 2.5 or higher (for more information on these tests, visit www.miamiroboticprostatectomy.com). In some cases, a digital rectal exam may also be performed to detect any abnormal areas or lumps inside the prostate.
- Symptoms Show at Later Stage
In most cases, early prostate cancer does not lead to any symptoms. Urinary problems can crop up as the cancer advances (weak or slow stream, urge to urinate more often at night). Another major symptom is blood in the urine. Some men also suffer from erectile dysfunction. However, these symptoms may occur due to other problems such as enlarged prostate, benign prostatic hyperplasia, or a noncancerous condition common among older men. In case, pain in hip bone, ribs and other areas is experienced, it is a sign that prostate cancer has spread to other areas of body. It is important to consult your health care provider to clarify cause of these issues.
- Bald Men are at Higher Risk!
According to some recent reports, it has been revealed that men with male-pattern baldness may be at slightly higher risk of developing fatal prostate cancer as compared to those with full head of hair. The report was published in an issue of popular American Journal of Epidemiology which mentioned an increased risk of around 56 percent for men balding. In another study by the Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics at the National Cancer Institute, the risk is only 2%.
- Watchful Waiting will Help
In most cases, doctors suggest “watchful” waiting. This is also known as active surveillance in the medical community. Doctors usually recommend these for patients detected with early-stage of prostate cancer. Re-evaluation and imaging tests conducted on a regular basis can help men avoid overtreatment. These are also capable of saving risks associated with urinary incontinence and sexual dysfunction. Multiparametric MRI, the latest development in medical technology facilitates doctors to closely monitor progression of disease with much more precision. Urologist can use this technology to see lesions in the prostate while performing a biopsy.
- Age has an Impact over Treatment Decisions
Locating prostate cancer (a slow-growing variety) at a younger age can have a grave impact on making treatment choices. These days, surgery and radiation (external / internal) are considered treatment bases for prostate cancer. Standard treatments include biologic therapy, chemotherapy, and hormone therapy. Younger men diagnosed with prostate cancer must have a detailed discussion with their oncologist about the range of therapy options available.
- Lifestyle Matters
As far as prostate cancer prevention is concerned, following a healthy lifestyle matters a lot. There are things that can reduce overall risks of cancer such as being physically active, choice of healthy foods, and maintaining healthy weight. According to the American Cancer Society, all things deemed as ‘good’ for preventing heart disease are also good for preventing cancer. So, including a well-balance diet comprising of plenty of fruits and vegetables will definitely work.